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In the dim glow of computer screens, a silent epidemic is sweeping across the world. As technology continues to evolve, so too does the landscape of crime, with cyber-crime becoming a significant concern, especially among the youth. This feature delves into the intricate web of cyber-crime, examining how young individuals are drawn into its clutches, the repercussions of their actions, and the steps society can take to address this growing issue.


The digital age has transformed the way we live, learn, and interact. For today’s youth, the internet is not just a tool but a playground, a classroom, and a social hub. With smartphones, tablets, and laptops at their disposal, young people are more connected than ever before. They are adept at navigating the vast expanse of the internet, using it for education, entertainment, and socialization. However, this unprecedented access also exposes them to various risks, including cyber-crime.


Cyber-crime among youth is a multifaceted issue. It encompasses a wide range of activities, from hacking and identity theft to cyberbullying and online fraud. The anonymity and vastness of the internet provide a fertile ground for such activities, often making it difficult to trace and apprehend offenders. Moreover, the motivations behind these crimes can vary significantly, adding another layer of complexity to the problem.


One of the primary reasons young people are drawn to cyber-crime is the allure of power and control. In a world where they might feel insignificant or powerless, the ability to manipulate digital systems can provide a sense of mastery and dominance. For some, it starts as a harmless curiosity—tinkering with computer codes, exploring hidden parts of the internet, or trying to outsmart security systems. However, this curiosity can quickly escalate into more serious activities.


Financial incentives also play a crucial role. With the rise of crypto currencies and online transactions, cyber criminals can easily monetize their skills. Young individuals, often lacking financial resources, might see cybercrime as a quick and easy way to make money. They might engage in activities like phishing, where they trick individuals into revealing sensitive information, or develop malicious software to steal data from unsuspecting users.


Peer pressure and the desire for social validation can further propel youth into the world of cyber-crime. In online communities and forums, young hackers often share their exploits and seek recognition from their peers. This sense of belonging and admiration can be incredibly appealing, especially for those who feel marginalized or isolated in their offline lives. The internet, with its vast and diverse communities, can provide an alternative social structure where these young individuals can find acceptance and support.


While the immediate rewards of cyber-crime might seem enticing, the consequences can be severe and far-reaching. Legally, cyber-crimes are treated with the utmost seriousness, and offenders, regardless of their age, can face significant penalties. Young individuals caught engaging in illegal activities can have their futures jeopardized, with criminal records affecting their educational and career prospects. Moreover, the psychological impact of being involved in cyber-crime can be profound, leading to feelings of guilt, anxiety, and isolation.
The victims of cyber-crime also suffer immensely. Personal information, once compromised, can lead to identity theft, financial loss, and emotional distress. Businesses targeted by cyber-attacks can experience significant financial damage, loss of reputation, and operational disruptions. The ripple effects of a single cyber-crime incident can spread far and wide, impacting numerous individuals and organizations.


Addressing the issue of cyber-crime among youth requires a multifaceted approach, with education playing a pivotal role. Schools and educational institutions need to incorporate digital literacy and cyber security awareness into their curricula. By teaching young people about the risks and consequences of cyber-crime, we can empower them to make informed decisions and adopt responsible online behaviors.


Parents also have a crucial role to play. Open communication about the dangers of the internet and setting clear guidelines for online activities can help prevent young individuals from falling into the trap of cyber-crime. Monitoring and supervising their digital activities, while respecting their privacy, can strike a balance between protection and autonomy.


Take the case of Chinelo Obiora, a mother of two in Lagos, shares her distressing experience when her son, Chukwuemeka, was arrested for online fraud. “I thought he was just chatting with friends and posting pictures on Instagram,” she says. “It never occurred to me that he was using social media to scam people. When the police came, it was like a nightmare. I couldn’t believe my son was involved in such activities. We felt ashamed and helpless.”


Chinelo’s story underscores the challenges parents face in understanding and monitoring their children’s online behavior. Many are unaware of the sophisticated ways in which young people can misuse social media for criminal purposes.
Samuel Okafor, a secondary school teacher in Abuja, has witnessed several students get drawn into cybercrime.

“These kids see others flaunting wealth on Snapchat and Instagram, and they want to emulate that lifestyle,” he explains. “They don’t realize the consequences of their actions until it’s too late. Education is key. We need to teach them about digital ethics and the legal implications of cybercrime.”
Samuel has taken steps to address this issue by incorporating digital literacy into his curriculum. “We discuss the responsible use of technology and the importance of maintaining integrity online. It’s about creating awareness and instilling values,” he says.


Technology itself can be a double-edged sword in the fight against cyber-crime. On one hand, advanced tools and software can help detect and prevent illegal activities. Cyber security measures, such as firewalls, encryption, and multi-factor authentication, are essential in safeguarding digital systems. On the other hand, the same technology can be used by cyber criminals to enhance their tactics and evade detection.

Therefore, continuous innovation and adaptation in cyber security practices are crucial. Inspector Bimpe Adeoye, a cybercrime investigator with the Nigerian Police Force, highlights the role of social media in facilitating these crimes. “Social media platforms offer anonymity and a wide reach, making them attractive to fraudsters,” she notes.

“We’ve seen cases where youths use fake profiles on Facebook and Twitter to deceive victims. They promise quick money or romantic relationships to lure people in.”
Inspector Adeoye recalls a case involving a group of teenagers who used Snapchat to coordinate a series of frauds. “They thought they were untouchable because they operated online. But cybercrime leaves digital footprints, and we were able to track them down,” she explains. “Many of these youths are surprised when they get caught because they underestimate the capabilities of law enforcement.”


Collaboration between various stakeholders, including governments, law enforcement agencies, tech companies, and educational institutions, is essential in combating cyber-crime. By working together, they can develop comprehensive strategies, share knowledge and resources, and create a united front against cyber threats.


Positive role models can also make a significant difference in steering young people away from cyber-crime. Successful professionals in the fields of technology and cyber security can inspire the youth to channel their skills and interests in a constructive direction. By highlighting the achievements of ethical hackers, cyber security experts, and tech entrepreneurs, we can show young individuals that there are legitimate and rewarding career paths available to them.


For those who have already ventured into the world of cyber-crime, rehabilitation and reintegration into society are crucial. Rather than focusing solely on punitive measures, it is essential to provide support and guidance to help these individuals reform. Counseling, mentorship programs, and opportunities for skill development can aid in their transition from cyber criminals to productive members of society.


Restorative justice approaches, which focus on repairing the harm caused by the crime and addressing the underlying issues, can be particularly effective. By involving the offenders, victims, and the community in the resolution process, restorative justice can foster a sense of accountability and empathy, paving the way for genuine rehabilitation.
As technology continues to advance, the landscape of cyber-crime will undoubtedly evolve. The rise of artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things (IoT), and other emerging technologies will present new challenges and opportunities in the realm of cyber security. Preparing the youth to navigate this dynamic environment requires a proactive and forward-thinking approach.


By fostering a culture of digital responsibility, encouraging ethical behavior, and providing the necessary education and resources, we can equip young individuals to become responsible digital citizens. It is a collective responsibility—of parents, educators, policymakers, and the tech industry—to create a safe and secure digital world for the future generations.

Cyber-crime among youth is a complex and pressing issue that demands immediate attention. The digital world, with all its opportunities and risks, has become an integral part of our lives, shaping the way young people learn, communicate, and perceive the world. While the allure of cyber-crime can be strong, the consequences are severe and far-reaching. By understanding the motivations behind these actions, educating the youth, leveraging technology, and fostering positive role models, we can address this silent epidemic and guide young individuals towards a brighter and more secure future.


The battle against cyber-crime is not just about protecting our digital systems; it is about safeguarding the potential and dreams of our youth. In this ever-connected world, let us strive to create an environment where young people can thrive responsibly, using technology as a force for good rather than a tool for harm.

Lewu Elisha Oluwajuwon
A Mass Communication Student of Prince Abubakar Audu University Kogi State.

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